Why Women Earn Less Than Men
"Why Women Earn Less Than Men"
Collection folkscanomy_politics; folkscanomy; additional_collections
by Richard Barry
Published in Pearson's Magazine, vol. 25, no. 3 (March 1911), pp. 293-300.
Early exploration of the gender wage gap in the United States from the muckraking liberal monthly, Pearson's Magazine. Barry notes that according to the 1900 census there were just under 20 million women in the USA, of whom 4.8 million were wage earners, 3.6 million of these over age 21.
A wide variety of excuses are offered for the wage differential, including an oversupply of female workers for so-called "women's work" jobs and the perceived supplementary nature of female income as a part of the household economy.
Acting and nursing are cited as two trades in which the gender wage gap was not evident.
Suffrage for women is seen as no panacea for the gender wage gap, as the author declares that the entry of women to the political field will strengthen the grip of "the thoughtless voter," thereby prolonging the day in which "intelligent voting will rule political affairs."
The physical nature of women, the maternal instinct of women, and the domestic instinct of women are held up as barriers to the achievement of wage equality.
Published in the USA prior to 1923, public domain.
Scanned as part of the Google Books project. Shattered into a single file for this separate upload to Archive.org by Tim Davenport ("Carrite"), January 2014.